Newspapers

Wire Services

Wire services originally began as commercial organizations. They were used as an effective way communicate and convey news and other information about worldwide events, by telegraph lines and the transmissions of radio waves, which then turned into the digital age. Some of the most popular wire services are the Associated Press and Reuters. Around theContinue reading “Wire Services”

Penny Press

Penny press is a term that refers to the one cent newspapers that began circulation in the 1830s because advancement in printing technology. These newspapers allowed news to become a mass medium because of their increased accessibility to the lower and middle class compared to the more expensive newspapers of the past. Benjamin Day, theContinue reading “Penny Press”

Objective Journalism

Objective journalism is a model within the journalism world that revolves around hard facts, instead of opinion. This type of journalism is supposed to be unbiased, which discredits any opinion columns. These articles must include verified facts, and if they aren’t verified, you as the writer are held accountable. It follows the inverted-pyramid style ofContinue reading “Objective Journalism”

Liberal Press Theory

Liberal press theory is an idea that goes back centuries. The idea of liberal press theory is that in order for the people of a society to be informed they must have the ability to speak freely and be able to their express ideas regarding what is going on in the world. However, throughout centuriesContinue reading “Liberal Press Theory”

Literary Journalism

Literary journalism is when artistic writing is inserted into a journalistic story to add value to a piece of writing. By allowing artistic creativity, literary journalism can tell a more robust story. Therefore, literary journalism is a genre of writing which incorporates a narrative prose with a little blur and exaggeration to relay a story.Continue reading “Literary Journalism”

Consensus-Orientated Journalism

Consensus oriented journalism is generally found in smaller local newspapers. This particular type of journalism in usually found in small communities, newspapers that promote social and economic harmony by providing community calendars, and meeting notices (Campbell 2017, Martin 2017, Forbes 2017). Also, some of these articles talk about local schools, social events, town government, propertyContinue reading “Consensus-Orientated Journalism”

Interpretative Journalism

The idea of interpretive journalism is going beyond the typical fact-based, objective journalism and covering the more opinion based, larger background illustrations of journalism (Salgado & Strömbäck, 2011). There is more of an emphasis on the motives and significance of an event, stated by Salgado and Strömbäck (2011), rather than truth or empirical information ofContinue reading “Interpretative Journalism”

Investigative Journalism

Investigative Journalism refers to the type of journalism in which the journalist conducts an in-depth examination on a topic with the goal to reveal corruption so that people in high power are held accountable for their wrong doings (Singh 2014). Investigative journalism is important in society because it is one of the ways in whichContinue reading “Investigative Journalism”

Citizen Journalism

Citizen Journalism is a grassroots movement in which average citizens, rather than trained/professional journalists, use the internet to relay information and stories. The term “citizen journalism” was created in the year 2000, according to the Salem Press Encyclopedia (Kivak 2016). This form of broadcasting became more popular as people felt a lot of important newsContinue reading “Citizen Journalism”

Agenda Setting

Agenda Setting Theory is a media effects theory that explains how media affects the emphasis viewers place on certain topics happening in society. The ‘catch-phrase’ associated with this theory is that the media does not tell us what to think, it tells us what to think about. Bernard Cohen actually stated this is 1963 referringContinue reading “Agenda Setting”

Yellow Journalism

Yellow Journalism is journalism that is based upon sensationalism and a crude exaggeration of news stories that entices the reader and informs them of what’s going on by phrasing and telling the story in a ludicrous manner (U.S. Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism 1895–1898, n.d). In the 1890s, two famous newspaper owners, William Randolph Hearst, andContinue reading “Yellow Journalism”