Edward Muybridge

Eadweard Muybridge is a well-known pioneer when discussing the development of film. Muybridge is credited as the first person to manipulate photographs in order to make the images appear to be in motion while simultaneously projecting them onto a screen (Fabos & Martin 215-250).  He completed this project by using multiple cameras to take consecutiveContinue reading “Edward Muybridge”


According to the book Media and Culture: An Introduction to Mass Communication by Campbell, Martin and Fabos (2013), “nickelodeons are a form of movie theater whose name combines the admission price with the Greek word for theater” (p.192). The first nickelodeon was introduced in 1905 in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania by Harry Davis and pioneered in AmericaContinue reading “Nickelodeons”

Production (Film)

Production has come along way since the early 1900’s. In the 1930’s movie production had become a booming business, the studios that promoted and exhibited these films controlled them.  Making people that owned these studios extremely rich. This was completely shutdown in 1948, after a series of court appeals, the Supreme Court ruled against theContinue reading “Production (Film)”

Indie Films

Though indie films do not have a single or succinct definition, indie films are most commonly defined as films made outside the influence of the major Hollywood studio system. Typically, indie films are made with an extremely small budget or sometimes no budget at all. These films are known for being alternative to mainstream HollywoodContinue reading “Indie Films”

Film Exhibition

Film exhibition, or the act of showing a film, has changed drastically over time in the United States. It began after the fall of the Edison trust and the Motion Picture Patents Company. With these institutions out of the way, theater were then allowed to expand on their own. This expansion began with the 1910’sContinue reading “Film Exhibition”

Hollywood Ten

During the heated time around the Cold War in 1947, members of Congress started investigating Hollywood for having suspected ties with the Communist Party. The House Un-American Activities Committee, or HUAC for short, began aggressively hunting for any communist ties or political radicals in the film industry which then led to the now famous, HollywoodContinue reading “Hollywood Ten”

Golden Age of Hollywood

The Golden Age of Hollywood began roughly in 1915 in Hollywood California, and lasted until its eventual decline during the post-World War II era. During this time Hollywood and the films, it produced underwent a drastic evolution which resulted in the development of a “Hollywood style”, technological innovation, fame for actors and actresses, and filmContinue reading “Golden Age of Hollywood”

Lumiere Brothers

Auguste and Louis Lumiere are two brothers from France who were known to be inventors and some of the first filmmakers in the history of cinema.  They were born in Barsançon, France (Auguste in 1862 and Louis in 1864).  Their father was a well known painter and started a photography business in Lyon, France, whereContinue reading “Lumiere Brothers”